Foam and Sponge Property Testing

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Foams and sponges testing

foam testing laboratory

Foam testing laboratory is essential foam testing laboratoryfor ensuring that long-term storage inventoriesfoam testing laboratory of foam concentrate are in good working order when they are needed to put out a fire. Maeon Laboratories is a reputable test house for foam testing, sponge testing, automotive foam testing, and insulation foam testing, as well as a variety of other tests conducted according to customer specifications or established international foam testing laboratorystandards.

Maeon Laboratories is foam testing lab a dependable test house for Foam testing, Sponge testing,foam testing lab AutomotiveFatigue test lab foam testing, insulation foam testing,Fatigue test lab for evaluating its properties through a number of tests conducted as per customer Fatigue test lab standards or published international standards.foam testing2

Cellular materials, Foam & Sponges, are wonder material possessing extraordinary range properties. Combined with special characteristics of each polymers it is made of, it finds numerous applications fromFatigue test lab comfort to high technology. Vowing to the unique combination of its properties like light weight, thermal insulation, resilience , sound absorption,foam testing lab air and fluid permeation etc. the material finds application in a wide spectrum of industries.foam testing

foam testing1Some of the area of applications are, Consumer products, from mattress, seats, beddings, furnitures, cleaning sponges, Construction industriesFatigue test lab for Acoustics, ceiling and wll panels, Insulations such as pipe jackets,foam testing lab thermal tanks, Medical application, such as insulation, sound absorption,foam testing lab comfort, orthopaedic soft goods, Transportation industry for Cabin insulation, seats, Packaging industry for transport of fragile goods, medical goods packaging and in the Industry for filters, packaging, seals and more.

Tensile properties of Foam

This primary characteristic of the foam determines the tensile properties of the foam of a standard test specimen under defined conditions of temperature, humidity, and testing machine speed. Tensile strength, Elongation at Break are reported.


Tensile properties

ASTM D1623, ISO 1926, ASTM D412, , ASTM D3574 CL E, ISO 1798, IS 7888 CL 5

Tear properties

Tear property testings are conducted at Maeon Laboratories for Foam material and products. The test measures the tear propagation resistance of the material.


Tear Strength

ISO 8067, ISO 34-1, ASTM D3574, ASTM D3574 CL F

Compressive Properties

Behavior of Foam, sponges and other cellular materials under compressive load are determined using the load-deflection data. Many characteristic of foam are defined from the compression tests, such as Compression Force Deflection Test CFD, Hardness of foam by compression method, Indentation force deflection IFD, Energy loss / Hysteresis, Recovery and other such properties. These data provide knowledge of its functional performance behavior. Maeon Laboratories are equipped to conduct the compressive properties of cellular material as per National and International standards.
FO1ME-2 Compressive Properties of Rigid Cellular Plastics - Compression deflection, Compression Force Deflection CFD , Compression Set ASTM D1621, ISO 844, ISO 3386-1, ISO 3386-2, ISO 11752, ASTM D1056 CL 17, ASTM D1056 CL 35, ASTM D1667 CL 16, ASTM D3574 CL C, ASTM D3575 CL D, IS 7888 CL 4, IS 11239-11, ASTM D1056
FO1ME-3 Indentation Force Deflection ASTM D5672, ISO 2439, ASTM D3574 CL B1, ASTM D3574 CL B2, IS 7888 CL 6, IS 16774
FO1ME-6 Force Loss Test at Constant Deflection ASTM D3574 CL I1
FO1ME-24 Hardness MS 260-13 CL4.2, D3489-17

Compressive Properties II



Compressive creep

ISO 7616, ISO 7850, ISO 20392, ISO 10066, ASTM D3575 CL BB
FO1ME-9 Recovery ASTM D3574 CL M ASTM D6576 CL 14
FO1ME-10 Hysteresis Loss ASTM D3574 CL X6 MS 257-06 CL 4.7
FO1ME-11 Compression Set ISO 13362, ISO 1856, ASTM D1056 CL 50, ASTM D1667 CL 21, ASTM D3574 CL D, ASTM D3575 CL B, IS 7888 CL 8, MS 260-13 CL4.5, ASTM D1056

Flexural Tests for Foams, Rigid Cellular Plastics



Flexural Strength

ISO 1209-1, ISO 1209-2, IS 11239-10
FO1ME-4 Flexural Modulus ISO 1209-3
FO1MT-4 Flexural Recovery ASTM D3768

Ball Rebound Resilience of Foam

Rebound elasticity of any flexible foam is measured for compliance to standard and for quality control of the product. The value of resilience of the ball rebound is reported and the facility is available at Maeon Laboratories.


Ball Rebound resiliance

ISO 8307, ASTM D3574 CL H, ASTM D3489, ASTM D2632

Adhesion Test, Peel test

For application of foam material which are bonded to a substrate like fabric, a minimum bond strength is essential for its continued long term performance in application. Different methods are specified by National and International standards. Customers can find suitable test being performed at Maeon laboratories to suit their product standards.


Peel strength

MS 373-22, MS 320-11
FO1ME-23 Substrate adhesion ISO 8873-1,

Abrasion Properties

Determination of the wear resistance of PU foam and other foam materials, fabrics coated products is carried out by Taber Abrader at Maeon Laboratories. The abrasion is reported by mass loss or number of cycles required to wear till fabric is exposed or mass loss after defined number of cycles.

FO1ME-18, 20, 27

Abrasion resistance

ASTM D3389, ASTMD 3489-17, MS 300-22

Fatigue Tests

Foams and Sponges designed for use in mattresses, furniture and vehicle cushions and in a wide variety of other applications are used in repeated cycles of deformation. The ability of the material withstand this kind of cycling loads are studied by Fatigue tests. Maeon laboratories perform such test to customer requirements using the following standards:
The test, Fatigue at constant Deflection is to determine the loss in thickness of flexible cellular materials when compressed repetitively to a fixed level of strain
Another Fatigue tested conducted on cellular materials is apply repeated constant loads and to determine the loss in thickness and loss in hardness. The service performance of foam can be evaluated.
FO1ME-4 Fatigue by constant Strain ISO 24999, ASTM D3574 CL
FO1ME-5 Constant Load Pounding ISO 3385, ASTM D3574 CL I3, IS 17115
FO1ME-21 Dynamic Cushioning ASTM D1596 ISO 4651

Dynamic Fatigue, shear properties Tests

The condition of Foam after repeated deflection by a rubber covered roller exerting constant force on the specimen is studied. The retention of force at 65% CFD, change in thickness, structural breakdown etc are measured as per standard at Maeon Laboratories.


Dynamic Fatigue by Roller Shear Constant Force

ASTM D3574 CL I2, ISO 3385, IS 7888 CL 7
FO1ME-26,8 Dynamic Fatigue Carpet Cushion D3574 CL 14
FO1ME-12 Shear properties – for rigid foam ISO 1922

Thermal Properties

Thermal insulation properties of Flexible and rigid foams from polymers EPS , XPS, PU, PVA are important for their end application as insulator for Industrial, architectural, machinery and other appliances . Various test methods for heat flow, expansion, ageing are defined by international standards and carried by Maeon Laboratories.


Thermal and Humid Aging

ASTM D2126 , ASTM D3574 CL L, IS 7888 CL9
FO1TH-9, 3 Coeffıcient of Linear Thermal Expansion ASTM D696, ISO 4897
FO1TH-4 Thermal Resistance ISO 8301, ISO 8302, ISO 11561, ASTM D3574 CL K, ASTM D3489-17
FO1TH-2 Dimensional stability – Foam gaskets and seals ISO 2796, ISO 7850, ASTM D2126, IS 11239-3, ASTM C509 Cl 11.4
FO1TH-5 Accelerated Ageing ISO 2440, ASTM 1056 MS 260-13 CL4.3
FO1TH-8 Thermal stability ASTM D3575 CL S
FO1TH-7 Heat Ageing Volume Change ASTM D1667 CL X1
FO1TH-6 Low Temperature Flexing (does not apply to latex foam rubber or ebonite cellular rubber) ISO 6453, ASTM D1056 CL 57, ASTM C509 Cl 11.6ves
FO1TH-10 Heat ageing IS 7888 CL 10
FO1TH-12 Thermal Conductivity ASTM C177-85
FO1TH-13 Low temperature properties ASTM D746

Environmental Tests



Water vapour transmission

IS 11239-4 ISO 1663, ASTM E96
FO1EN-2 Fluid Immersion Weight Change, Volume change ASTM D1056 cl 27, ASTM D6576 CL 18
FO1EN-3 Steam autoclave ageing ASTM D3574 CL J
FO1EN-4 Water ageing MS 373-22 , MS 700-60
FO1MT-2 Water Absorption of Rigid Cellular Plastics ASTM D2842, ISO 2896, ISO 20393, ASTM D1056 CL 43, ASTM D1667 CL 26, ASTM D3575 CL L, MS 260-13 CL4.4, IS 11239-9, ASTM C509 Cl 11.7

FOAMS – Other Material Property Tests




ASTM D6576 CL 16
FO1FL-1 Flammability, LOI ASTM D2863, ASTM D6576 CL 15, ISO 3582, ISO 9772, IS 7888 CL 11, IS 13360 P6 S24, IS 11239-12, ASTM C509 Cl 11.8, ISO 3582, ISO 9772
FO1MT-7 Air Flow Permeability, Air flow value ISO 4638, ASTM D3574 CL G ISO 7231
FO1MT-9 STAINING MS 260-13 CL4.8, MS 220-05 Cl 4.12, MS 269-03 Cl 4.12
FO1MT-10 Density ASTM D3575-14
FO1MT-6 Linear Dimensions ISO 1923, IS 7888 CL 3
FO1MT-1 Apparent Density of Rigid Cellular Plastics ASTM D1622, ASTM D7710, ISO 845, ASTM D1056 CL 62, ASTM D1667 CL X3, ASTM D3574 CL A, ASTM D3575 CL W, IS 11239 P2

Cell Size, Open and Closed cells

cellular plastics are composed of numerous small cavities called cells, with surrounding walls. These cells are either interconnecting (open cell) or non-connecting (closed cell), or any combination of these types depending on the type of manufacturing process adopted. Choice of a selected type of such foams are essential for performance in a designed application. The estimation of the ratio of Open/Closed cell is specified in the standards given above, determines the cellular volume of open cells or porosity.
FO1MT-5 Open Cell Content of Rigid Cellular Plastics ASTM D6226, ISO 4590, IS 11239-5
FO1MT-3 Cell Size of Rigid Cellular Plastics ASTM D3576

FOAM - Product Specifications Testing

Products made out of Foam are in various applications such in Architectural, industrial, automotive and domestic. The quality of these products are governed by national and international specifications. Maeon Laboratories undertaken Foam testing, Car seat testing, Furniture cushion testing, matress testing, beddings, pillows, carpets, foam with fabric backing, heat insulation materials etc. Some of the specifcations covered are given above
FO1FP-1 Sponge or Expanded Rubber - Flexible ASTM D1056 - 14
FO1FP-2 Poly (Vinyl Chloride) Foam (Closed-Cell) - Flexible ASTM D1667 - 17
FO1FP-3 Microcellular Urethane Materials ASTM D3489 - 17
FO1FP-4 Slab, Bonded, and Molded Urethane Foams – Flexible ASTM D3574 – 17
FO1FP-5 Olefin Polymers – Flexible foam ASTM D3575 - 14, ISO 7214:2012
FO1FP-6 Flexible Cellular Rubber Chemically Blown ASTM D6576 - 13
FO1FP-7 Flexible Sponge and expanded foam – Specification ISO 6916-2
FO1FP-8 Latex Foam Good IS 1741
FO1FP-9 Flexible Polyurethane Foam for Domestic Mattresses IS 7933
FO1FP-10 Flexible Polyurethane Foam for Domestic Mattresses IS 7933
FO1FP-11 Cotton Pad/ Slab PU Foam IS 7888-1976, MS 257-06, , MS 700-60
FO1FP-12 Crosslinked Polyethylene foam IS 7098

Find the characteristics of foam and sponge material with numerous applications from comfort to high technology. We are experts in Foam Testing Laboratory in Chennai, above mentioned conducting results for various applications with quality and reliable analytic results to our valuable clients. Our film testing laboratories in Chennai, conducting film material property testing need with the best result.